What You Need To Know About Stainless Steel Ball Bearings
Ball bearings are essential components in numerous mechanical systems and machines as they facilitate seamless and effective rotation of moving parts. Stainless steel is an excellent option for ball bearings because it can resist rust and corrosion. As a result, it becomes especially valuable in applications where contact with harsh chemicals or moisture is likely to occur.
This article will explore the mechanical properties of stainless steel ball bearings and the benefits that come along with them. We will also discuss the different types of these bearings and their applications.
Mechanical Properties of Stainless Steel Bearings
Stainless steel ball bearings possess various desirable mechanical properties, making them popular for multiple applications. One of the most notable properties is their high corrosion resistance, which allows them to perform well in environments prone to chemical exposure or moisture. This is due to the presence of chromium in the alloy, forming a protective oxide layer on the surface of the bearing.
The ball bearings can be utilized intermittently in temperatures of up to 250–300 °C. This is applicable as long as they are accompanied by a stainless steel cage and a suitable lubricant capable of withstanding high temperatures. If the temperature exceeds these limits, the load capacity of stainless steel may be compromised.
Another important mechanical property of these ball bearings is their high load-bearing capacity. This property makes them suitable for applications where heavy loads need to be supported. Depending on the specific type, they can handle radial and axial loads and operate at high speeds while maintaining stability and smoothness.
Types and Applications of Stainless Steel Bearings
Stainless steel ball bearings are available in various types and configurations to suit different application requirements. Here are five of the most common types:
Deep Groove Ball Bearings
Deep groove ball bearings are an excellent choice for applications that require a reliable and versatile bearing solution. Their simple design consists of a single row of balls running in deep grooves cut into the inner and outer raceways. Moreover, their high load capacity and availability in various sizes make them ideal for machinery and equipment, such as electric motors, pumps, and compressors.
Angular Contact Ball Bearings
Angular contact ball bearings can handle both radial and axial loads. They feature two rows of balls set at an angle to each other, enabling them to manage both types of loads simultaneously. Moreover, they can accommodate some misalignment between the shaft and housing. This makes them suitable for applications where perfect alignment is difficult, such as tool spindles and pumps.
Thrust Ball Bearings
Thrust ball bearings are primarily intended to support axial loads. They comprise two washers and a set of balls placed between the washers. The balls run along a grooved track in the washers, enabling the bearings to support the load. These bearings are commonly used in automotive transmissions and heavy machinery. They are also ideal for applications with limited space due to their compact design.
Self-Aligning Ball Bearings
Self-aligning ball bearings are designed to tolerate misalignment between the shaft and the housing. They comprise three components: an inner ring, an outer ring, and a set of balls. The outer ring is spherical, allowing it to adapt to the inner circle, which helps the bearing accommodate any misalignment. These bearings are useful in conveyor systems and printing presses, where misalignment can frequently occur.
Stainless Steel Pillow Block Bearings
Stainless steel pillow block bearings include a housing and a bearing insert. They are typically utilized in applications that require support and mounting, such as material handling equipment and conveyor systems. Their housing is generally mounted to a surface using bolts or screws while the bearing insert is placed inside.
Choose SPB-USA for High-Quality Bearings
SPB-USA is a reputable and reliable manufacturer of precision bearings in various sizes and load capacities. Our products are designed to deliver superior performance, reliability, and durability. We take pride in maintaining the highest quality standards — our commitment to quality is reflected in our ISO 9000, ISO 9001, and ISO 14001 certifications.